Ship life-saving equipment is a general term for the special equipment and its accessories set on board to rescue people in the water or to evacuate passengers when the ship is in distress.
1. The equipment is immediately available in the event of an emergency, both at anchor and while underway.
2. Unharmed storage in the air temperature range of -30°C to 65°C.
3. Required safety equipment on boat submerged in seawater, which can be used in water temperatures ranging from -1°C to 30°C.
4. It is resistant to decay, corrosion and is not disproportionately affected by seawater, crude oil, and mould infestation.
5. It should be able to resist aging and degeneration when exposed to sunlight.
6. The portions that help with detection have a distinct color that is immediately noticeable.
7. Required safety equipment on boat must be marked with retro-reflective material in areas where it can be seen.
8. The approved information, including the granted authority and any operational constraints, must be clearly noted.
9. The life expectancy of water life saving equipment that is prone to deterioration must be determined by the competent authorities.
In general, this type of boat has a special storage place on top of a large ship, so that if an accident occurs, we can immediately throw it into the water. The lifeboat can only automatically inflate itself, into the shape of a boat, so that the person in distress can sit in it to escape the danger.
There is no time to deploy the water rescue gear into the water if you are on a huge boat that sinks quickly. When the large boat lowers to a particular depth, the lifeboat's storage device unhooks and the lifeboat is released, allowing the person in need to board and assist them in escaping.
Because the lifeboat is such a crucial survival tool for crew members in trouble at sea, it is critical to consider the following factors before employing it.
1. Always adhere to the rules for deploying and landing lifeboats. Avoid situations where the davit wire could break and cause injury, such as underneath the water rescue gear.
2. While the boat is still moving, the captain must master the timing of the boat's release, especially if the remaining speed is low, before the boat may be launched into the water.
3. In general, the big ship should be on the downwind side of the boat, the big ship should be off the top wave 20° - 30°, stable heading, and the lifeboat should be put to the surface to swiftly remove the davit hook.
4. When the boat is stationary, it should be removed from both the front and back hooks at the same time. When there's a lot of speed coming at you, don't take off the front hook first. Most water rescue gear lifeboats now have a linkage unhooking device, which means that when you pull the unhooking device after landing, the bow and stern davits will be unhooked simultaneously.
5. To avoid a collision with the larger vessel, the lifeboat should be equipped with a bumper pad and supported by a boat pole upon landing.
6. To prevent the carriage from shaking, the davit rope under the carriage should be pulled tight in a timely manner.
7. Start the motorised lifeboat boat machine before falling into the water, and promptly remove the water rescue gear lifeboat from the davit hook after sailing away from the big boat.